Ethical Organic

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Organic Cotton  

 

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Cultivation of organic cotton requires no chemicals, no synthetic fertilizers and less water than conventional cotton.  Pests are controlled by beneficial insects, biodiversity is encouraged, and the soil is enriched and replenished through the use of organic fertilizers and crop rotations.  Regular rotations also provide a secondary cash crop as well as food for farmers and local communities.

 

Why buy organic cotton products?

When you buy an organic cotton product you are buying something which has not been contaminated by toxic chemicals which remain in the fabric after processing.

When you buy an organic cotton product, you are buying something which has caused no harm to the farmers who grow it and to the communities in which they live.

When you buy an organic cotton product you are buying something which hasn't poisoned the soil in which it was grown and which hasn't contaminated the surrounding water systems.

When you buy an organic product you are adding your voice to those of a growing number of eco-conscious consumers who are concerned about the health of the world their children will inherit.

When you buy an organic product, you are helping to promote the small but growing organic cotton industry.

KANOE  LLC uses cotton certified organic by SKAL.  Low impact dyes certified by OEKO TEX-100.

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Environmental Responsibility

In addition to using organic cotton, which makes a significant contribution to sustainability, the organic cotton fabrics and products produced in the mills, that KANOE  LLC works with in India, conform fully to the Organic Processing Standards currently being developed in the US by the Organic Trade Associations' Organic Fiber Council and follow the requirements of both the ETAD and the OEKO TEX-100 Standards recognized in Europe.

Hydrogen peroxide is used in the bleaching process for all fabrics and the use of all chlorine compounds is strictly prohibited. The fabrics are colored using Low-Impact Fiber-Reactive dyes, which contain no azo, sulfa or heavy metals. The fiber absorbs most of the dye which means that the amount of effluent is significantly reduced, is much cleaner and most of it can be recycled as water back into the process.

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Conventional Cotton

Open_cottonConventional cotton farming covers 2.4% of the world's farmland and uses 25% of the world's pesticides and 10% of the world's synthetic fertilizers. Defoliants, fungicides and herbicides are also used in large quantities. These are either sprayed from the air, causing harm to neighbouring fields and people, or hand-sprayed with disastrous impacts on the health of farm workers. All of these pesticides are moderately hazardous, and some are classed as highly hazardous.

In the United States, 10,000 people die each year from cancer related to pesticides and farm workers have the highest rate of chemical related illness of any occupational group.

Pesticides destroy beneficial organisms which feed on insects harmful to the plant.   Over time, these insects develop a resistance to the pesticides so more toxic sprays need to be applied with more frequency, pushing up the production costs. For many cotton farmers the price of pesticides constitutes over 50% of the value of the crop and they find themselves faced with ever increasing debt.  

In the Indian province of Andhra Pradesh, 80 cotton farmers ended their own lives between June 1997 and January 1998 by drinking the pesticide which they were using on their cotton crop.

Farm land has become contaminated with toxins to the point that no other crops can be grown. This is especially significant in Africa, Asia and Latin America where food crops are essential to feed the local communities. Conventional cotton farming also requires large amounts of water, often in areas where water is already in short supply.   Water contaminated by conventional cotton farming also runs into the water system and pollutes the local water supply.

As a direct result of cotton production, the Aral Sea in Uzbekistan, once the world's fourth largest body of fresh water, has lost 60% of its water in the last 30 years and is now too saline and polluted with pesticides to support fish.

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Fair Labor Practices

KANOE  LLC only works with producers that use fair labor practices.

-No forced, indentured or child labour is used directly or indirectly to manufacture any products, wholly or in part.

-Full compliance with the national and local laws of the country where the facilities are located. Such legislation includes, but is not limited to, building safety, fire code rules, employment standards and employee health and safety regulations.

-Employee working hours are governed by local standards but are not more than 50 hours per week (including overtime) for full-time employment unless employees voluntarily agree otherwise, in extraordinary business circumstances. In no event will working hours ever exceed 60 hours.

-Each employee has at least one day off during every 7-day working week unless, in extraordinary business circumstances, they voluntarily agree otherwise.

-Employees are paid in accordance with local And national laws and are paid overtime as earned in accordance with such legislation.

-Part-time or temporary employment is governed by local and national regulations. Hours worked on a temporary basis do not exceed those for full employment.

-Working areas are well ventilated, with comfortable, reasonably well-lit workstations.

-Fire exits are adequate and well identified and employees are trained for emergency evacuation, if required. The use of safety equipment and instruction is emphasized.

-Employees receive regular health and safety training, and such training is repeated for new or reassigned workers. Professional medical assistance is available with designated employees trained for emergency.

-Employee living quarters, food, clothing allowance and other provisions are adequate to meet the standards of the job.

-Access to reasonably clean toilet facilities and to drinking water, and, if appropriate, clean facilities are provided for food storage.

-A senior management representative is assigned the responsibility for health and safety.

-Our facilities do not subject employees to unhealthy, unsafe conditions or employ unreasonable mental or physical disciplinary practices.

-Our facilities have established education and training programs for employees in basic health and hygiene

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